1945

Jan 1-17 – Germans withdraw from the Ardennes.

Jan 16, 1945 – U.S. 1st and 3rd Armies link up after a month long separation during the Battle of the Bulge.

Jan 17, 1945 – Soviet troops capture Warsaw.

Jan 26, 1945 – Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.

Jan 30, 1945 De Wilhelm Gustloff op 30 januari 1945 door de USSR duikboot S-13 te zinken gebracht.

Feb 4-11 – Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Yalta.

Feb 13/14 – Dresden is destroyed by a firestorm after Allied bombing raids.

March 6, 1945 – Last German offensive of the war begins to defend oil fields in Hungary.

March 7, 1945 – Allies take Cologne and establish a bridge across the Rhine at Remagen.

March 30, 1945 – Soviet troops capture Danzig.

In April – Allies discover stolen Nazi art and wealth hidden in salt mines.

April 1, 1945 – U.S. troops encircle Germans in the Ruhr; Allied offensive in North Italy.

April 12, 1945 – Allies liberate Buchenwald and Belsen concentration camps;
President Roosevelt dies. Truman becomes President.

April 16, 1945 – Soviet troops begin their final attack on Berlin; Americans enter Nuremberg.

April 18, 1945 – German forces in the Ruhr surrender.

April 21, 1945 – Soviets reach Berlin.

April 28, 1945 – Mussolini is captured and hanged by Italian partisans; Allies take Venice.

April 29, 1945 – U.S. 7th Army liberates Dachau.

April 30, 1945 – Adolf Hitler commits suicide.

May 2, 1945 – German troops in Italy surrender.

May 7, 1945 – Unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies.

May 8, 1945 – V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.

May 9, 1945 – Hermann Göring is captured by members of the U.S. 7th Army.

May 23, 1945 – SS Reichsführer Himmler commits suicide; German High Command and Provisional Government imprisoned.

June 5, 1945 – Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over the government.

June 26, 1945 – United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.

July 1, 1945 – U.S., British, and French troops move into Berlin.

July 16, 1945 – First U.S. atomic bomb test; Potsdam Conference begins.

July 26, 1945 – Atlee succeeds Churchill as British Prime Minister.

Aug 6, 1945 – First atomic bomb dropped, on Hiroshima, Japan.

Aug 8, 1945 – Soviets declares war on Japan and invade Manchuria.

Aug 9, 1945 – Second atomic bomb dropped, on Nagasaki, Japan.

Aug 14, 1945 – Japanese agree to unconditional surrender.

Sept 2, 1945 – Japanese sign the surrender agreement;  V-J (Victory over Japan) Day.

Oct 24, 1945 – United Nations is officially born.

Nov 20, 1945 – Nuremberg war crimes trials begin.