1944

Jan 6, 1944 – Soviet troops advance into Poland.

Jan 17, 1944 – First attack toward Cassino, Italy.

Jan 22, 1944 – Allies land at Anzio.

Jan 27, 1944 – Leningrad relieved after a 900-day siege.

Feb 15-18 – Allies bomb the monastery at Monte Cassino.

Feb 16, 1944 – Germans counter-attack against the Anzio beachhead.

March 4, 1944 – Soviet troops begin an offensive on the Belorussian front; First major daylight bombing raid on Berlin by the Allies.

March 15, 1944 – Second Allied attempt to capture Monte Cassino begins.

March 18, 1944 – British drop 3000 tons of bombs during an air raid on Hamburg, Germany.

April 8, 1944 – Soviet troops begin an offensive to liberate Crimea.

May 9, 1944 – Soviet troops recapture Sevastopol.

May 11, 1944 – Allies attack the Gustav Line south of Rome.

May 12, 1944 – Germans surrender in the Crimea.

May 15, 1944 – Germans withdraw to the Adolf Hitler Line.

May 25, 1944 – Germans retreat from Anzio.

June 5, 1944 – Allies enter Rome.

June 6, 1944 – D-Day? landings.

June 9, 1944 – Soviet offensive against the Finnish front begins.

June 10, 1944 – Nazis liquidate the town of Oradour-sur-Glane? in France.

June 13, 1944 – First German V-1 rocket attack on Britain.

June 22, 1944 – Operation Bagration begins (the Soviet summer offensive).

June 27, 1944 – U.S. troops liberate Cherbourg.

July 3, 1944 – ‘Battle of the Hedgerows’ in Normandy; Soviets capture Minsk.

July 9, 1944 – British and Canadian troops capture Caen.

July 18, 1944 – U.S. troops reach St. Lô.

July 20, 1944 – German assassination attempt on Hitler fails.

July 24, 1944 – Soviet troops liberate first concentration camp at Majdanek.

July 25-30 – Operation Cobra (U.S. troops break out west of St. Lô).

July 28, 1944 – Soviet troops take Brest-Litovsk?. U.S. troops take Coutances.

Aug 1, 1944 – Polish Home Army uprising against Nazis in Warsaw begins; U.S. troops reach Avranches.

Aug 4, 1944 – Anne Frank and family arrested by the Gestapo in Amsterdam, Holland.

Aug 7, 1944 – Germans begin a major counter-attack toward Avranches.

Aug 15, 1944 – Operation Dragoon begins (the Allied invasion of Southern France).

Aug 19, 1944 – Resistance uprising in Paris.

Aug 19/20 – Soviet offensive in the Balkans begins with an attack on Romania.

Aug 20, 1944 – Allies encircle Germans in the Falaise Pocket.

Aug 25, 1944 – Liberation of Paris.

Aug 29, 1944 – Slovak uprising begins.

Aug 31, 1944 – Soviet troops take Bucharest.

Sept 1-4 – Verdun, Dieppe, Artois, Rouen, Abbeville, Antwerp and Brussels liberated by Allies.

Sept 4, 1944 – Finland and the Soviet Union agree to a cease-fire.

Sept 13, 1944 – U.S. troops reach the Siegfried Line.

Sept 17, 1944 – Operation Market Garden begins (Allied airborne assault on Holland).

Sept 26, 1944 – Soviet troops occupy Estonia.

Oct 2, 1944 – Warsaw Uprising ends as the Polish Home Army surrenders to the Germans.

Oct 10-29 – Soviet troops capture Riga.

Oct 14, 1944 – Allies liberate Athens; Rommel commits suicide.

Oct 21, 1944 – Massive German surrender at Aachen.

Oct 30, 1944 – Last use of gas chambers at Auschwitz.

Nov 20, 1944 – French troops drive through the ‘Beffort Gap’ to reach the Rhine.

Nov 24, 1944 – French capture Strasbourg.

Dec 4, 1944 – Civil War in Greece; Athens placed under martial law.

Dec 16-27 – Battle of the Bulge in the Ardennes.

Dec 17, 1944 – Waffen SS murder 81 U.S. POWs at Malmedy.

Dec 26, 1944 – Patton relieves Bastogne.

Dec 27, 1944 – Soviet troops besiege Budapest.