1943

Jan 2/3 – Germans begin a withdrawal from the Caucasus.

Jan 10, 1943 – Soviets begin an offensive against the Germans in Stalingrad.

Jan 14-24 – Casablanca conference between Churchill and Roosevelt. During the conference, Roosevelt announces the war can end only with an unconditional German surrender.

Jan 23, 1943 – Montgomery’s Eighth Army takes Tripoli.

Jan 27, 1943 – First bombing raid by Americans on Germany (at Wilhelmshaven).

Feb 2, 1943 – Germans surrender at Stalingrad in the first big defeat of Hitler’s armies.

Feb 8, 1943 – Soviet troops take Kursk.

Feb 14-25 – Battle of Kasserine Pass between the U.S. 1st Armored Division and German Panzers in North Africa.

Feb 16, 1943 – Soviets re-take Kharkov.

Feb 18, 1943 – Nazis arrest White Rose resistance leaders in Munich.

March 2, 1943 – Germans begin a withdrawal from Tunisia, Africa.

March 15, 1943 – Germans re-capture Kharkov.

March 16-20 – Battle of Atlantic climaxes with 27 merchant ships sunk by German U-boats.

March 20-28 – Montgomery’s Eighth Army breaks through the Mareth Line in Tunisia.

April 6/7 – Axis forces in Tunisia begin a withdrawal toward Enfidaville as American and British forces link.

April 19, 1943 – Waffen SS attacks Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto.

May 7, 1943 – Allies take Tunisia.

May 13, 1943 – German and Italian troops surrender in North Africa.

May 16, 1943 – Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto ends.

May 16/17 – British air raid on the Ruhr.

May 22, 1943 – Dönitz suspends U-boat operations in the North Atlantic.

June 10, 1943 – ‘Pointblank’ directive to improve Allied bombing strategy issued.

June 11, 1943 – Himmler orders the liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in Poland.

July 5, 1943 – Germans begin their last offensive against Kursk.

July 9/10 – Allies land in Sicily.

July 19, 1943 – Allies bomb Rome.

July 22, 1943 – Americans capture Palermo, Sicily.

July 24, 1943 – British bombing raid on Hamburg.

July 25/26 – Mussolini arrested and the Italian Fascist government falls; Marshal Pietro Badoglio takes over and negotiates with Allies.

July 27/28 – Allied air raid causes a firestorm in Hamburg.

Aug 12-17 – Germans evacuate Sicily.

Aug 17, 1943 – American daylight air raids on Regensburg and Schweinfurt in Germany; Allies reach Messina, Sicily.

Aug 23, 1943 – Soviet troops recapture Kharkov.

Sept 8, 1943 – Italian surrender is announced.

Sept 9, 1943 – Allied landings at Salerno and Taranto.

Sept 11, 1943 – Germans occupy Rome.

Sept 12, 1943 – Germans rescue Mussolini.

Sept 23, 1943 – Mussolini re-establishes a Fascist government.

Oct 1, 1943 – Allies enter Naples, Italy.

Oct 4, 1943 – SS Reichsführer Himmler gives speech at Posen.

Oct 9, 1943 – De derde Moskow Conference (3th Moskow Conference) wordt in Moskow gehouden.

Oct 13, 1943 – Italy declares war on Germany; Second American air raid on Schweinfurt.

Nov 6, 1943 – Russians recapture Kiev in the Ukraine.

Nov 18, 1943 – Large British air raid on Berlin.

Nov 28, 1943 – Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Teheran.

Dec 24-26 – Soviets launch offensives on the Ukrainian front.