1942

Jan 1, 1942 – Declaration of the United Nations signed by 26 Allied nations.
Jan 13, 1942 – De Duitse U-boats starten een offensief (Operation Paukenschlag) langs de Oostkust van de USA.
Jan 20, 1942 – SS Leider Heydrich organiseert de Wannsee Conferentie over de coördinatie van de  oplossing van het Joodse probleem.
Jan 21, 1942 – Rommel’s counter-offensive from El Agheila begins.
Jan 26, 1942 – First American forces arrive in Great Britain.
In April – Japanese-Americans sent to relocation centers.
April 23, 1942 – German air raids begin against cathedral cities in Britain.
May 8, 1942 – Het Duits zomer offensief van 1942? begint in de Krim?.
May 26, 1942 – Rommel begins an offensive against the Gazala Line.
May 27, 1942 – Op SS leider Heydrichwordt een aanslag gepleegd in Praag.
May 30, 1942 – First thousand bomber British air raid (against Cologne).
In June – Mass murder of Jews by gassing begins at Auschwitz.
June 4, 1942 – SS Leider Heydrich sterft aan zijn verwondingen.
June 5, 1942 – De Duitse Legergroep Zuid belegeren Sevastopol? in de Krim.
June 10, 1942 – De Nazi’s verwoesten Lidice en vermoorden de inwoners als wraak op de aanslag op Heydrich.
June 21, 1942 – Rommel captures Tobruk.
June 25, 1942 – Eisenhower arrives in London.
June 30, 1942 – Rommel reaches El Alamein near Cairo, Egypt.
July 1-30 – First Battle of El Alamein.
July 3, 1942 – Germans take Sevastopol.
July 5, 1942 – Soviet resistance in the Crimea ends.
July 9, 1942 – Germans begin a drive toward Stalingrad in the USSR.
July 22, 1942 – First deportations from the Warsaw Ghetto to concentration camps; Treblinka extermination camp opened.
Aug 7, 1942 – British General Bernard Montgomery takes command of Eighth Army in North Africa.
Aug 12, 1942 – Stalin and Churchill meet in Moscow.
Aug 17, 1942 – First all-American air attack in Europe.
Aug 23, 1942 – Massive German air raid on Stalingrad.
Sept 2, 1942 – Rommel driven back by Montgomery in the Battle of Alam Halfa.
Sept 13, 1942 – Battle of Stalingrad begins.
Oct 5, 1942 – A German eyewitness observes SS mass murder.
Oct 18, 1942 – Hitler orders the execution of all captured British commandos.
Nov 1, 1942 – Operation Supercharge (Allies break Axis lines at El Alamein).
Nov 8, 1942 – Operation Torch begins (U.S. invasion of North Africa).
Nov 11, 1942 – Germans and Italians invade unoccupied Vichy France.
Nov 19, 1942 – Soviet counter-offensive at Stalingrad begins.
Dec 2, 1942 – Professor Enrico Fermi sets up an atomic reactor in Chicago.
Dec 13, 1942 – Rommel withdraws from El Agheila.
Dec 16, 1942 – Soviets defeat Italian troops on the River Don in the USSR.
Dec 17, 1942 – British Foreign Secretary Eden tells the British House of Commons of mass executions of Jews by Nazis; U.S. declares those crimes will be avenged.
Dec 31, 1942 – Battle of the Barents Sea between German and British ships.